Sunday, February 28, 2010

History of Abolitionism in Canada

The uniqueness of being a Canadian is to be able live freely with being prejudiced or segregated in the society. Every Canadian have been blessed by the God for stand up against racial discrimination and stand for equality. There is no other nation in the world like Canada that stand up against racism and discrimination.

Couple of centuries ago, a group of patriots gathered in Toronto, Ontario to solve a common conflict. They went for the southern parts of the United States eliminate slavery from plantations. They guided those slaves through an underground railroad to the peaceful nation of Canada, where people would gather for a common cause, rather than being divided. Those abolitionists, despite the unlawful attacks by the states sheriffs and other law-enforcements, bravely managed to free more than hundred of slaves from the cruel hands of their masters. Consequently, today our society expresses gratitude to the moral accountability of humanity and shares the values of those people.

As time progressed, while slavery drew to a conclusion in the 1940s, another major conflict erupted in Germany. When Adolf Hitler became the chancellor, racism and fascism exceeded the bounds of peace. Hitler, once stated Jews as vermin and were responsible for the defeat in World War I, determined to take the ravage from them. As a result, as we all know, he placed Jews in ghettos and concentration camps, and some were beaten, and some were burned, and some were gassed. As Canadian troops liberated Jews from the death camps, they led all those who were deprived to the freedom of Canada.

Over and over again, Canada always tried to promote freedom and peace. Although many consider Canadian contributions are worthless, history contracts it. When the slavery was at its peak in US in 1840-1860, more than 30,000 American Slaves came to Canada for freedom. There are countless examples of Canadian contributions to promote unity and peace in world. That's just one thing that only Canada - no other country in the world - can be proud about.

Brief Description about Wilfrid Laurier

He was great leader who once proclaimed “The nineteenth century was the century of the United States. I think that we can claim that it is Canada that shall fill the twentieth century.” Canada was greatly while he was the prime minister of Canada.During the crisis of Boer war, English Canadians argued that Canada should support Britians colony, while French argued that Canada should stay away from conflicts. The prime minister settled the argument by allowing people who were willing to battle. Eventually, around 10000 Canadians fought in Boer war. Laurier argued Alberta and Saskatchewan, should have a Roman Catholic school system supported by taxes, much like the Ontario education system. Clifford Sifton, Canada’s Minister of the Interior, resigned over this proposal. He was often referred to as the ‘master of compromise due to the extensive amount of work he did on behalf of the Canadians. In 1911 he won British support for his proposal that Canada should not be bound by British treaties. Laurier argued that Canadian independence cannot be abused by Britain. In the 1911 federal election, Henri Bourassa’s Nationalist Party in Quebec and Robert Borden’s Conservatives defeated Laurier’s Liberals. Left with only 88 seats following the election, the Liberals were out of power and Robert Borden became prime minister.

Thursday, February 11, 2010

History of Model T Automobile in Canada

This is a type of Model T car. This picture was taken in Brandon Manitoba at an automobile show. At the time, Model T was used by top-class Canadians only. Almost Every body in higher classes had an automobile. Working class Canadians and recent immigrants had to rely on conventional means of transportations, ideally cycling and horse back riding. Model T was around $ 400 in 1925. The inventor of Model T, Henry Ford, was a popular name across Canada during this decade because of his great invention. Roads, speed limit signs and other signals were begun to build rapidly across Canada as result of the advancement of automobile. Model T was widely credited as the first affordable automobile. It was said to “put America and Canadians” on wheels. Since now families have automobiles, they visited their relatives on weekdays. What used to take hours and hours of traveling now only took minutes.

With the invention of the automobile came the assembly line. The assembly line, also a great invention by Henry Ford, accelerated the process of making cars. Before the line, rate of production was much lower, however; it took only few minutes to make a new car. Thus, in the late 1900s, over 472,000 cars were made. With higher production and lower costs, even much more people managed to buy a new car. Model T was a sign of prosperity in Canada in late 1990s. The assembly line also created numerous number of employment opportunities. In the roaring twenties, Canadians had access to wide variety of job opportunities – just in the auto sector only.

At the beginning of the great depression, people couldn’t afford to but cars anymore. Newly produced cars were pilled up in storages. That’s was basically the end of the era of Model T, but not Ford. Henry Ford's Ford Motor Company is still regarded as one of the greatest cooperate automobile manufactures of all time.

Saturday, February 6, 2010

Memories of 1919 Winnipeg General Strike

This picture was taken during the Winnipeg General Strike. On May 15 in 1919, around 15 000 additional people, most of them were labors, came to Winnipeg to give their support. Shops closed and most of labors strike against the government and employers, demanding better working conditions and better wages. At the end of the strike, one person killed and around 30 were killed. On June 21 1919 known as Bloody Saturday as a result of these violent activities .How ever, many labor leaders who participated in the strike were arrested and many other people found that they were fired form their jobs. Some people were fighting against police officers. Although, some people went to see the protest they never played a key role because they were influenced not to do so. Their mangers at the work place did not allow to them to open their mouth. The values of democracy were put in the backseat during the strike. Some were beaten and some were killed during this protest. Employees were against the government. Employees demanded better working condition and wages. They demanded to increase their wages (eighty five cents an hour).

Thursday, February 4, 2010

The History of the Royal Canadian Air Force

Prior to WWII, Canada did not have a large number of military equipment. However, as the war progressed, Canada began to expand its military and artillery material. As Germany began to overrun many counties, such as Denmark, Norway, and above all, France, Canada realized that Britain was in great danger. Nevertheless, at the end of the WWII, Canada claimed the fourth largest Air Force in the world. Therefore, Royal Canadian Air Force significantly contributed for the victory of Allies in WWII by training aircrews in Allied countries, playing a leading role in the Battle of Britain, bombing over Germany, and giving protection to Allied troops from the skies.

First, one of the main initial functions of the Royal Canadian Air Force was to aid in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Pilots from many countries, such as Australia, and New Zealand participated to for this program. At the end of the war, 131, 553 pilots were trained from Canadian institutions. From that, 42 110 pilots went to Royal Air Force, 9606 went to Royal Australian Air Force and 7002 went for Royal New Zealand Air Force.(Shores,1984,p.30) Those pilots who trained from Canadian institutions gave a massive contribution for the victory of Allies in WWII. Therefore, Canada contributed by training pilots in Canadian free open skies, which trainees contributed for the Allies' victory in WWII.

Secondly, Royal Canadian Air Force made a momentous contribution in the Battle of Britain. As England Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, stated, "The Battle of France is over. The Battle of Britain is about to begin", the Battle of Britain began by alarming Allied nations. After France surrendered, the German Air Force, Luftwaffe, began to bomb southern England and London in August 1940. Nevertheless, Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal Air Force gained six victories in the first ten day of the Battle of Britain in the difficult circumstances. Flt Lt P S 'Stan' Turner, and Flt Lt Roberts Grassick were some of the successful Canadian pilots, who played a vital role in the Battle of Britain. The Royal Canadian Contribution in Britain had increased, as three squadrons formed in eight months. (Shores, 1984, pp.46-47) These included five-day and three night units in Fighter command. Royal Canadian Air Force claimed more than 60 night victories in the Battle of Britain. Most successful Canadian night fighter pilots in Western Europe had been R A Kipp and R Bannock. (Shores, 1984, p.56) Due to this massive contribution of Royal Canadian Air Force, German attacks over Britain had stopped. Without Canadian support, Britain would have fallen into German attacks. Therefore, Royal Canadian Air Force made a significant contribution saving Britain against the rain of German bombs.

Thirdly, Royal Canadian Air Force gave a great support to Royal Air Force in bombing over Germany. For instance, on May17 1943, Royal Canadian Air Force were involved in the bombing activities on hydroelectric installations in the Ruhr Valley of Germany. Because of the Canadians great efforts, they managed to blow up two dams of the hydroelectric plant. The Royal Canadian Air Force pilots risked their lives over German skies. They weaken much military equipment and other war material in Germany. Accordingly, the Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal Air Force work together in bombing missions over Germany. Therefore, Royal Canadian Air Force helped many Allied nations by destroying much of the valuable German resources.

Finally, Royal Canadian Air Force helped protecting Allied troops on ground. Since Canada transported many resources to Europe by using convoys, the Royal Canadian Observation Post had the responsibility for protecting as many convoys as they could. Consequently, by the end of the 1943, U - boat activities in the Western Atlantic was greatly reduced and controlled by Royal Canadian Air Force. (Shores, 1984, p.38) Furthermore, 36-bomber squadron of the Royal Canadian Air Force secured the skies over Juno Beach on D - Day. 404 squadron attacked three German destroyers on the first day of D - Day. Moreover, during the first days of the invasion of Normandy, 414 of Royal Canadian Air Force was involved in spotting ships and supplies supporting on lands for Allied troops. As a result, many of these goods went into Allied forces without harm from enemy attacks. Eventually, these incidents led to the liberation in the Europe. Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal Air Force protected troops and resources on ground from Germans. For that reason, Royal Canadian Air Force provided a remarkable service for the liberation of Europe and the victory for Allied nations.

Tuesday, February 2, 2010

Standardized Testing System During WWI

Standardized tests have been used extensively in the past century to evaluate students’ progress in their academic career. For example, standardized testing system in the United States began during the First World War, when they required a system to test soldiers’ aptitude and knowledge. Invented by Robert Yerkes, a psychologist at the American Psychological Association and the chairmen of the Committee on the Psychological Examination of Recruits, SATs were used to evaluate over 6 million us soldiers. The exam concluded soldiers who had northern European family roots scored better than the once who emigrated from Eastern Europe.

Furthermore, soldiers with higher scores perform better in the invasion of France. Many of them, Canadians included, managed to communicate in a way that is efficient and easier. Canadain soldiers, needless to say, were very fluent in French. Upon arriving in France, they talked to french soldiers in a way thay Germans couldn't understand.

During WWI, soldiers who perform better in those standardized test were more effective in carrying out militery strategies than others. Analogy: a person who graduated from university is more smarter than who has graduated from high school.

United States marine, who came to battlefield in the last 100 days were well trained by ground officials. In other words, they had access to what Canadian soldires did not - they had more time for preparations. Those preparations include standardized testing. People who failed the initial testing were subjected to second round, and the next round if they did not perform any better. An army of testing officials were also recurred during WWI in both Canada and United States. Thus, when American army join Canadian and other allies on D-Day, they brought state-of-the art machine guns and tanks - which was a turning point of WWI.

Standardized testing system invented during WWI proved that, if it was well used, more productive results can be achieved, namely the victory for allies in World War I. Nowadays, these testing systems are very common all over the world - especially in Canada, America and Europe. In America alone, over 10 million students write SAT every year.

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