The1960s were the time of “British Invasion”. Music Groups from Britain came to North America and changed the customs of music. Rolling Stones, the Dave Clark Five and Beatles were some of the major music groups dominated Canadian culture in the 1960s. Beatles’ songs were resonated with people. Later, it was known as “Beatlemania”, where teenagers would sing their songs repeatedly. As a result of those modern musical bands, “counterculture” emerged from the society. They diminished the value of songs in the 1940s and 1950s. They did not like old, classic music; rather, they would try to spread popular music across Canada. In small towns all across Canada and US, families used to get together and have tea parties and sang songs. However, teenage and many young children would repeat popular songs in that period. Although, there were some Canadian singers were on the stage as well, such as Oscar Peterson, but most of the time, American influence dominated in Canada.
Though people enjoy the 1960s at home and abroad, international affairs and crisis greatly share the lives of people in that decade. In 1962, The Soviet Union installed missiles in Cuba, directly targeting America and Canada. As a result, Canadian Prime Minister, John Diefenbaker, and United States began an argument due to high tensions. Canada refuses to put its soldiers in alert. Diefenbaker also accused America for putting pressure on Canada. Diefenbaker accepted Bomarc missiles without nuclear warheads. Nevertheless, Lester B. Pearson argued that without warheads, missiles would be useless. As a result, not only with US, but also within Canadian administration, quarrels appeared. However when Pearson came to office in 1963 as the new Canadian Prime Minister, he accepted warheads. Later, the missiles in Cuba were removed by the Russians, concluding the argument between United States and Canada. However, again, this emphasized the Russian influence over North America. Canadians and Americans deeply concerned that cold war would perpetuate forever!