Tuesday, November 30, 2010

How effectively did the Canadian government, individual Canadians, and new political parties respond to the challenges of the Great Depression - Part 4

Make sure you've read part three

Mrs. P. E. Bottle and Mrs. Jack O’Hannon too had requested money to help their children and they explained their hardship of being parents in Depression to Prime Minister Bennett. The classic example is that“Bennett Buggies”, an automobile, which was dragged by oxen because people removed the engine as they could not afford to spend money to buy gasoline. As they traveled on streets with their “Bennett Buggies”, people thought Prime Minister would concern about average people’s conditions. However, today these materials consider as monuments by people which demonstrate that Mr. Bennett was the Prime Minister during the Great Depression. Furthermore, “On-to-Ottawa Trek” was journey led by men in British Columbia. Their goal was to go to Ottawa and protest against Bennett and his government. People demanded minimum wages and unemployment insurance. This was a major incident, where Canadians responded to situations in nineteen thirties effectively. On the other hand, it explains that people would not stay calmly, when they disliked Bennett’s political movements. Additionally, people lost their jobs as the depression began and some farmers left prairies to cities to find jobs. Between nineteen thirty one and nineteen thirty seven, around 120 000 people were left prairies to find jobs and to support their families. Many unemployed men went from city to city looking for jobs. Some people who came to cities from prairies realized that it would not be easy to find jobs, and they went back where they came from. During the “Great Depression” average Canadians attempted to capture the attention of the Canadian government, in order to explain their concerns, and people tried to find jobs to support them selves and their families. Overall, average Canadians effectively responded to conflicts in nineteen thirties.

In summery, “Great Depression” was a time period that gave suffers almost every body in the world. As it started at the beginning of nineteen thirties, Canadian economy plummeted and people lost their properties. Canadian government failed to monitor economy problems during the Depression in Canada. As a result, both Liberals and Conservatives did not manage to take a significant effort for Canadian economy and average Canadians. Prime Minister Bennett ruled Canada through the Depression; however he did not do what he promised before he elected. When the federal government was failing during the Depression, new political parties managed to bring a colorful spectrum for Canadian economy. After they introduced welfare and social insurance, people had gained more privileges. At the end of WW II to the present, Canadian government is still following some of the valuable ideas that were brought by newly formed parties in nineteen thirties. Above all, typical Canadians were the social groups those were severely harmed by the Depression. Furthermore, letters those were written to the Prime Minister Bennett confirm this situation. Nonetheless, people proved that they still had energy to help them selves in nineteen thirties; rather than waiting for a miracle to escape from the poverty. That is why people traveled from city to city to find jobs. Some people came to cities through rough paths to find jobs, and they lined up for hours in front of soup kitchens to escape from hunger. However, the important fact is that nothing was there to resolve the Depression, except WW II.

How effectively did the Canadian government, individual Canadians, and new political parties respond to the challenges of the Great Depression - Part 3

Continuing from part two

Both Liberals and Conservatives convinced by these policies and they quickly adapted CCF’s ideas into their political agenda. As the federal government failing to cope with economic problems, and just by adapting CCF’s ideas, demonstrate how Co-operative Commonwealth Federation and its leader James Woodsworsth managed to introduce important policies to improve the lives of Canadian citizens. Furthermore, even in today’s society, those ideas, have a high degree of effectiveness for laborers, farmers and other individuals. For instance, new immigrants benefit on these privileges, until they establish them selves in Canadian society. In the provincial elections of nineteen thirty- four, CCF managed to win some rides in British Columbia and Saskatchewan. This explains the fact that CCF did a great service and people had a faith with that party better than the federal government. In addition to Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Social Credit was another party which too contributed much to the society. The leader of the party, William Aberhart, came to power in nineteen thirty – five. He believed that if he managed to give money to people, they would consume material and that method would help to solve economic conflict. He managed to give twenty five dollars for an adult per month. Farmers were so happy about this grant. They used that money to feed cattle and to fertilize farmlands. In contrast, as Bennett failed to organize provincial governments, and due to that, his twenty millions did not go to average people’s hands. Nonetheless, Aberhart realized the advantage of being a well organized provincial leader, and as a result, he managed to distribute money among people in Alberta. Since the formation of new political parties, they managed to change the direction of Canadian economy, even during “Great Depression”. They provided social welfare, insurances and distributed money across provinces, where the Conservatives and Liberals never dreamed of.

Finally, the Depression really fell on average Canadians, such as laborers and farmers. When the stock market crashed in nineteen twenty-nine, people lost millions and millions. Some lost their properties when they failed to pay their debts. General Canadians attempted to capture the attention of the federal government, and some people had hard time with finding jobs. When Bennett came to the office in nineteen thirty, people were happy because they thought Bennett would do what he had promised. As time went by, people realized that they should get the vote back from Conservatives. Some people wrote letters to the Prime Minister Bennett. For instance, Edwina Abbott had requested money to buy a coat. She had to walk one mile to reach her school, and in winter, it was terrible due to not having sufficient amount of money to buy worm clothes.

Continue to part four

How effectively did the Canadian government, individual Canadians, and new political parties respond to the challenges of the Great Depression - Part 2

Continuing from part one

He did manage to transfer each province twenty million dollars, yet some provincial governments and municipals did not managed to deliver money to average Canadians, due to massive economic conflicts. In addition, the government managed to set up number of relief camps for single unemployed men to work eight hours a day. Everybody, above eighteen years, should participate and they were given food, clothes and twenty cents, as a payment for their hard work. In comparison, twenty cents was not enough to the amount of work that they had done and above all, that was not even enough to survive in those gloomy days. Moreover, as the government unsuccessful continues, people could not tolerate the living conditions in the mid nineteen – thirties. As a result, thousands of men gathered against Bennett’s government and launched a massive parade from British Columbia to Ottawa. Then, Prime Minister Bennett labeled that these people as rebellions, police stopped them and their parade known as “On-to-Ottawa Trek”. This event explains that the government was not anxious about average Canadians. Then, Prime Minister Bennett introduced “Bennett’s New Deal” just before the election of nineteen thirty five. According this new program, Bennett would give social insurance, treatment of unemployed and limit the hours of works. After his new program published, people considered that Bennett was trying to win the election by showing his new policies. However, the new program could not save Bennett’s defeat in the election of nineteen thirty five. As a result, Mackenzie King and Liberals came back to power. Losing at the beginning of depression and came back to power again, Conservative and Liberals expressed that they focus emphatically, in order to solve conflicts during “Dirty Thirties”.

Secondly, though political leaders like Mackenzie King and Bennett who were unsuccessful with their opinions to save people from “Great Depression”, some individuals got-together and discussed their ideas on issues in nineteen thirties. As time went by, these groups formed new political parties. Some parties did a significant job, comparing to the federal government. For example, CCF, also known as Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, introduced welfare insurance, family allowance, unemployment insurance, and compensation for injured workers.

Continue to part three

How effectively did the Canadian government, individual Canadians, and new political parties respond to the challenges of the Great Depression - Part 1

Nineteen Twenties, also known as “Roaring Twenties”, was a rich time period in Canadian history. Canadian economy had increased as factories produced heavy productions and prairies provided massive amount of wheat. It was a great period of time for farmers, laborers, and other average Canadians because they got experience their wealthy fortune in that era. Some people bought automobiles and some benefited from the profit that they could earn in rising stocks. As people spent their time in roaring twenties, they never realized that many of them were going to encounter with a dark future in nineteen thirties. Today, historians have different point of views on the causes of Great Depression. Some state over production of goods as the main cause. Anyway, back in nineteen thirties, people seriously suffered from the Depression. Mostly though, average Canadians had critically undergone a harrowing ordeal since they lost their houses and wealth. Great Depression lasted for about a decade and Canadians responded somewhat effectively to the challenges and conflicts, until it came to an end.

First, as the people enjoyed their time in “Roaring Twenties”, the Canadian government and other political leaders could not predict about any economic depression in nineteen thirties due to the growing economy and cheerful lifestyle. When the stock market crashed in nineteen twenty – nine, it took just a couple of minutes to spread the panic all over Canada. However, political leaders could not manage to over come the conflicts in “Dirty Thirties”. As the Prime Minister, Mackenzie King gave the responsibility of welfare and relief to provincial governments, in nineteen thirty, federal government freed from monitoring economic problems in Canada. Furthermore, he gave “five – cent piece” to provinces, which ruled by the Liberal party. He neglected provinces those governed by his opponent political parties, such as Conservatives. These incidents, which happened at the beginning of the depression, explained how the government ineffectively reacted to troubles in thirties. Then Richard Bennett came to power after the general election of nineteen thirty, as a result of Mackenzie’s failures. Nevertheless, he too could not manage to take a significant effort, as he promised before the election.

Continue to part two

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