Tuesday, November 30, 2010

How effectively did the Canadian government, individual Canadians, and new political parties respond to the challenges of the Great Depression - Part 2

Continuing from part one

He did manage to transfer each province twenty million dollars, yet some provincial governments and municipals did not managed to deliver money to average Canadians, due to massive economic conflicts. In addition, the government managed to set up number of relief camps for single unemployed men to work eight hours a day. Everybody, above eighteen years, should participate and they were given food, clothes and twenty cents, as a payment for their hard work. In comparison, twenty cents was not enough to the amount of work that they had done and above all, that was not even enough to survive in those gloomy days. Moreover, as the government unsuccessful continues, people could not tolerate the living conditions in the mid nineteen – thirties. As a result, thousands of men gathered against Bennett’s government and launched a massive parade from British Columbia to Ottawa. Then, Prime Minister Bennett labeled that these people as rebellions, police stopped them and their parade known as “On-to-Ottawa Trek”. This event explains that the government was not anxious about average Canadians. Then, Prime Minister Bennett introduced “Bennett’s New Deal” just before the election of nineteen thirty five. According this new program, Bennett would give social insurance, treatment of unemployed and limit the hours of works. After his new program published, people considered that Bennett was trying to win the election by showing his new policies. However, the new program could not save Bennett’s defeat in the election of nineteen thirty five. As a result, Mackenzie King and Liberals came back to power. Losing at the beginning of depression and came back to power again, Conservative and Liberals expressed that they focus emphatically, in order to solve conflicts during “Dirty Thirties”.

Secondly, though political leaders like Mackenzie King and Bennett who were unsuccessful with their opinions to save people from “Great Depression”, some individuals got-together and discussed their ideas on issues in nineteen thirties. As time went by, these groups formed new political parties. Some parties did a significant job, comparing to the federal government. For example, CCF, also known as Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, introduced welfare insurance, family allowance, unemployment insurance, and compensation for injured workers.

Continue to part three

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